LATIHAN FISIK DALAM PENGELOLAAN FATIGUE ANAK YANG MENGALAMI KANKER: SEBUAH KAJIAN LITERATUR [PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN FATIGUE MANAGEMENT OF CHILDREN WITH CANCER: A LITERATURE STUDY]

Lia Kartika

Abstract


Fatigue is a symptom that arises from cancer and as a result of chemotherapy treatment. This subjective feeling is difficult to explore because of the children's limitations to express their feelings. Continuous fatigue will affect the growth and development of children, so that adequate anticipation is needed to manage fatigue. This literature review aimed to explore articles about physical exercise as the part of fatigue management. The searching process involved two databases; the e-resources page of the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia and Google Scholar in the 2011-2018 period. Keywords used in literature search include children, physiology related to cancer, physical exercise, exercise, children, cancer related fatigue, physical activity, exercise. 243 articles obtained and through selection process, 5 articles were found that were in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Thematic analysis revealed four themes: the effectiveness of physical exercise, the characteristics of physical exercise, the extra benefits of physical exercise, and the biological effects of physical exercise. The recommendation from this literature review is to conduct research to identify the factors that influence the effectiveness of physical exercise in managing symptoms of fatigue in children with cancer.

BAHASA INDONESIA Fatigue merupakan gejala yang muncul dari penyakit kanker dan sebagai dampak dari pengobatan kemoterapi. Perasaan subyektif ini sulit digali karena keterbatasan anak mengungkapkan perasaannya. Fatigue yang berkelanjutan akan mempengaruhi pertumbuhan dan perkembangan anak, sehingga diperlukan antisipasi yang adekuat untuk mengelola fatigue. Kajian literatur ini bertujuan untuk menggali artikel tentang latihan fisik dalam pengelolaan fatigue. Penelusuran melibatkan dua pangkalan data yaitu laman e-resources Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia dan Google Cendekia dalam rentang waktu 2011-2018. Kata kunci yang digunakan dalam pencarian literatur meliputi anak, fatigue yang berhubungan dengan kanker, latihan fisik, olahraga, children, cancer related fatigue, physical activity, exercise. Dari 243 artikel yang diperoleh, didapatkan 5 artikel yang sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Analisis tematik memunculkan empat tema, yaitu: efektifitas latihan fisik, karakteristik latihan fisik, manfaat ekstra latihan fisik, dan efek biologis latihan fisik. Rekomendasi dari kajan literatur ini adalah dilakukannya penelitian untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keefektifan latihan fisik dalam pengelolaan gejala kelelahan anak dengan kanker.

 


Keywords


Latihan Fisik; Anak dengan Kanker; Keletihan akibat Kanker



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19166/nc.v6i2.1910

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