The Effect of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Intention in Indonesia

Patricia Patricia, Christian Silangen

Abstract


This research studied the relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intention of university students. Following original research by Zhang, Duysters, Cloodt (2014), Ajzen's theory of planned behavior and Shapero's entrepreneurial event model would be incorporated to identify the effect of exogenous variables such as entrepreneurship education, prior entrepreneurial exposure, perceived desirability and feasibility towards entrepreneurial intention in university students. Furthermore, this study aimed to investigate the selection hypothesis of entrepreneurship education for entrepreneurial intentions. Lastly, this study was also proposing to investigate the moderating effect of the teachers and instructors' enthusiasm (Frenzel et al., 2009), pre-educational entrepreneurship intention (Bae et al., 2014), gender (Verheul et al., 2012), as well as the moderating effect of peers in the classroom (Falck et al., 2012). The data would be collected from one of the private and reputable universities in Indonesia in multiple departments with a form of entrepreneurship education. In this study we found that entrepreneurship education does shape entrepreneurial intention. Students with pre-educational entrepreneurial intention would be more likely to have higher entrepreneurial intention. We also learned that there’s a strong relationship between social influence of classmates and entrepreneurial intention. In addition, we found that male and female students have a different perspective about entrepreneurship education that affected their entrepreneurial intention.


Keywords


Entrepreneurship, Intention, Education, Indonesia, University Student

Full Text

PDF

References


Acs, Z. J., Szerb, L., & Autio, E. (2015). Global Entrepreneurship Index 2015.

Acs, Z. J., Szerb, L., & Autio, E. (2016). Global Entrepreneurship Index 2016.

Bae, T. J., Qian, S., Miao, C., & Fiet, J. O. (2014). The Relationship Between Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Meta-Analytic Review. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 38(2), 217–254.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/etap.12095

Bird, B. (1988). Implementing Entrepreneurial Ideas: The Case for Intention. The Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 442–453.

Carr, J. C., & Sequeira, J. M. (2007). Prior family business exposure as intergenerational influence and entrepreneurial intent: A Theory of Planned Behavior approach. Journal of Business Research, 60(10), 1090–1098.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2006.12.016

Cho, B. 1998. Study of the effective entrepreneurship education method and its process. Business Education Research, 2(1):27–47.

Díaz-García, M. C., & Jiménez-Moreno, J. (2010). Entrepreneurial intention: The role of gender. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 6(3), 261–283.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11365-008-0103-2

Elfenbein, D. W., Hamilton, B. H., & Zenger, T. R. (2010). The small firm effect and the entrepreneurial spawning of scientists and engineers. Management Science, 56(4), 1–23.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1090.1130

Falck, O., Heblich, S., & Luedemann, E. (2012). Identity and entrepreneurship: Do school peers shape entrepreneurial intentions? Small Business Economics, 39(1), 39–59.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11187-010-9292-5

Fayolle, A., & Gailly, B. (2013). The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Attitudes and Intention: Hysteresis and Persistence. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(1), 75–93.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12065

Filion, L. J. (1994). Ten Steps To Entrepreneurial Teaching. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 11(3), 68–78.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08276331.1994.10600466

Fitzsimmons, J. R., & Douglas, E. J. (2011). Interaction between feasibility and desirability in the formation of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 26(4), 431–440.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2010.01.001

Frenzel, A. C., Goetz, T., Lüdtke, O., Pekrun, R., & Sutton, R. E. (2009). Emotional transmission in the classroom: Exploring the relationship between teacher and student enjoyment. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101(3), 705–716.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0014695

Gardner, M., & Steinberg, L. (2005). Peer Influence on Risk Taking, Risk Preference, and Risky Decision Making in Adolescence and Adulthood: An Experimental Study. Developmental Psychology, 41(4), 625–635.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.41.4.625

Guerrero, M., Rialp, J., & Urbano, D. (2008). The impact of desirability and feasibility on entrepreneurial intentions: A structural equation model. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 4(1), 35–50.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11365-006-0032-x

Heinonen, J., & Poikkijoki, S. (2006). An entrepreneurial-directed approach to entrepreneurship education: mission impossible? Journal of Management Development, 25(1), 80–94.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02621710610637981

Jumlah Pengusaha Indonesia Hanya 1, 65 Persen | Republika online. (2016, January 29). Republika Online. Retrieved from http://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/umum/15/03/12/nl3i58-jumlah-pengusaha-indonesia-hanya-165-persen

Krueger, N. F., Reilly, M. D., & Carsrud, A. L. (2000). Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15(5-6), 411–432.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(98)00033-0

Lee, L., Wong, P. K., Foo, M. Der, & Leung, A. (2011). Entrepreneurial intentions: The influence of organizational and individual factors. Journal of Business Venturing, 26(1), 124–136.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2009.04.003

Oosterbeek, H., van Praag, M., & Ijsselstein, A. (2010). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurship skills and motivation. European Economic Review, 54(3), 442–454.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euroecorev.2009.08.002

Peterman, N. E., & Kennedy, J. (2003). Enterprise Education: Influencing Students' Perceptions of Entrepreneurship, 129–144.

Quadrini, V. (1999). The importance of entrepreneurship for wealth concentration and mobility. Review of income and Wealth, 45(1), 1-19.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4991.1999.tb00309.x

Segal, G., Borgia, D., & Schoenfeld, J. (2005). The motivation to become an entrepreneur. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 11(1), 42–57.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13552550510580834

Shapero, A., & Sokol, L. (1982). Social dimensions of entrepreneurship. In C. A. Kent, D. L. Sexton, & K. H. Vesper (Eds.), Encyclopedia of entrepreneurship (pp. 72–90). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Solesvik, M., Westhead, P., & Matlay, H. (2014). Cultural factors and entrepreneurial intention. Education + Training, 56(8/9), 680–696.

Terjesen, S., & Lloyd, A. (2015). Female Entrepreneurship Index 2015 Report.

Veciana, J. M., Aponte, M., & Urbano, D. (2005). University students' attitudes towards entrepreneurship: A two countries comparison. The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 1(2), 165-182.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11365-005-1127-5

Verheul, I., Thurik, R., Grilo, I., & Van der Zwan, P. (2012). Explaining preferences and actual involvement in self-employment: Gender and the entrepreneurial personality. Journal of Economic Psychology, 33(2), 325–341.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joep.2011.02.009

Wu, S., & Wu, L. (2008). The impact of higher education on entrepreneurial intentions of university students in China. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 15(4), 752–774.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/14626000810917843

Zhang, Y., Duysters, G., & Cloodt, M. (2013). The role of entrepreneurship education as a predictor of university students' entrepreneurial intention. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 1–19.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19166/derema.v11i1.184

Cited by

  • There are currently no citations to this article.




Copyright (c) 2016 Patricia Patricia, Christian Silangen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


favicon Department of Management | Business School | Universitas Pelita Harapan | Indonesia | +62 21 546 0901 |  jurnal.derema@uph.edu